CSS to achieve seamless picture infinite loop display effect

<div class="slideshow">
   <div class="images">
.slideshow {
  position: relative;
  overflow: hidden;
.images {
  background: url(slideshow.jpg);
  position: absolute;
  left: 0;
  top: 0;
  height: 100%;
  width: 300%;
  animation: slideshow 10s linear infinite;
@keyframes slideshow {
  0%    { left: 0; }
  100%  { left: -200%; }

performance optimization

The above code can work well, but if your machine configuration is not high, or the browser is not advanced enough, there may be some performance problems. In fact, we can use translatex instead of left to stimulate the browser to use 3D transformation and GPU to provide performance.

Note: the 2D transformation and the change of opacity value will not bring this kind of performance change. If you don’t use translatex, you can’t get any benefits from GPU.

.images {
  /* hi 浏览器,使用你的GPU */
  transform: translate3d(0, 0, 0);

@keyframes moveSlideshow {  
  100% { 
    -webkit-transform: translateX(-200%);  

I don’t particularly like to use this trick to improve the performance of browsers, but as a CSS developer, this technique is very common.

Add more cool effect

In addition to making the picture scroll infinitely, we also need to add some special effects:

Rolling speed changeFrom black and white to color

For speed adjustment, we only need to modify the duration value

.slideshow:hover .images {
  animation-duration: 5s;

But this will cause the picture position to jump! Modifying the duration of the animation will produce a new timeline, and the values of some attributes will be adjusted accordingly. As a result, it does not start to accelerate or decelerate at the current position. There is no good way to solve this problem.

Here we use another method. We made two lines of pictures, one moving fast, one moving slowly, one displaying and one hiding. When we need to change the speed, we exchange their display properties.

This produces a relatively smooth switching process.


<div class="slideshow">
   <div class="images-1">
   <div class="images-2">
.slideshow > div {

   transition: opacity 0.5s ease-out; 
   /* 慢 */
   animation: moveSlideshow 60s linear infinite;

.images-1 {
  /* 快 */
  animation: moveSlideshow 20s linear infinite;

.slideshow:hover .images-2 {
   opacity: 0;

In order to save bandwidth, we combined black and white images with color images.

.images-1 {
  /* Sprite */
  background-position: 0 200px;


This is the final product!

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